Trade, Imports and Exports


Agriculture and Forestry is committed to honouring Alberta's domestic and international trade obligations. The Department is actively engaged in ongoing trade related negotiations related to natural resources.

Agriculture and Forestry's interests are represented and protected in key federal and provincial programs and initiatives led through the Alberta ministries of:

  • Economic Development and Trade
  • Treasury Board and Finance
  • Labour
U.S. - Canada Softwood Lumber Trade Dispute

The U.S. is Alberta's largest market for softwood lumber products; and because of the importance of forestry to Alberta's economy, a stable trading relationship is essential. The 2006 Softwood Lumber Agreement expired on October 12, 2015 and on November 25, 2016, the U.S. softwood lumber industry filed petitions with the U.S. Department of Commerce and the U.S. International Trade Commission requesting the initiation of countervailing, anti-dumping and injury investigations into imports of certain softwood lumber products from Canada.

Recent Developments
On January 3, 2018, the U.S. Department of Commerce published the final countervailing (CVD) and anti-dumping (AD) duty orders in the U.S. Federal Register.

On December 4, 2017 U.S. Department of Commerce corrected certain ministerial errors of the November 2, 2017 final determinations in the CVD and AD duty cases. The published final CVD and AD rates are as follows:

West Fraser
All others

The U.S. Department of Commerce issued instructions to U.S. Customs and Border Protection to collect CVD and AD duties on all lumber shipments from Canada starting December 28, 2017, the date the U.S. International Trade Commission (ITC) published their final injury determination in the Federal Register.
  • U.S. ITC Federal Register Notice
  • The ITC ruled ruled softwood lumber imports from Canada have materially injured the U.S. domestic lumber industry. A negative finding on critical circumstances in the AD investigation was made, therefore AD duties will not be retroactive.

Preceding Developments
On November 14, 2017, the Government of Canada filed a notice of intent to appeal under Chapter 19 with the NAFTA Secretariat regarding the countervailing duty investigation. On December 5, 2017 a notice of intent to appeal regarding the anti-dumping case was filed.

On November 28, 2017, the Government of Canada formally requested World Trade Organization (WTO) consultations on U.S. duties on Canadian Softwood Lumber.

A summary of Product Scope is found on pages 1 to 3 of the U.S. Department of Commerce Fact Sheet.

Please check the Global Affairs Canada federal government website for information on timing of collection of Final Anti-Dumping and Countervailing duties as well updates and recent announcements on this Canada-U.S. trade issue.

Industry stakeholder inquiries can be directed to

Interprovincial Trade Agreements

Imports and Exports

Regulations for importing coniferous logs or forest products with bark attached and for exporting Crown timber volumes and wood chips are managed through policy directives.
These requirements are in place in order to:
  • protect Alberta's forests and economy from destructive forest pests that can be unknowingly introduced with shipments of imported coniferous logs and forest products with bark attached;
  • ensure wood fibre exports are tailored to economic circumstances;
  • enable cross-border trade and stimulate investment and economic development of Alberta's forest industry.

Export of Unmanufactured Crown Timber and Wood Fibre Directive

Importation of Conifer Logs and Forest Products with Bark Directive

Import Authorization Application Form

For further information on import or export authorizations, contact:
Government of Canada Import and Export Information

The federal government, through the Canadian Food Inspection Agency, is responsible for development of forest policies that prevent the introduction and spread of regulated pests into Canada and export programs for Canadian forest products.
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This information published to the web on August 3, 2017.
Last Reviewed/Revised on June 7, 2018.