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Rural communities interested in attracting Immigrants
Immigrant Integration Toolkit
Toolkit Other http://gcir.org/publications/toolkit
This US-based toolkit identifies practices and exemplary programs for municipalities in community-wide planning, language access, language acquisition, education, improving health and well-being, promoting economic mobility, equal treatment and opportunity, civic participation and social and cultural interaction. The report compiles program and policy models that hold considerable promise to promote immigrant integration at the local, state and regional levels. It also offers indicators of success and measurable outcomes that rural communities can use to evaluate and demonstrate achievement, as well as improve immigrant integration strategies.

Rural communities interested in attracting Immigrants
Marketing Rural Communities to attract and retain workers
Project Other http://www.reeis.usda.gov/web/crisprojectpages/0214707-marketing-rural-communities-to-attract-and-retain-workers.html
The project helps to build a diversified workforce to meet present and future needs in rural areas by enhancing the ability of rural communities to attract and retain new workforce members. The project focused on the design and evaluation of recruitment and retention strategies and the use of the internet as a marketing tool for residential recruitment and retention. The aggregate results obtained from the evaluation of specific recruitment strategies are available to policy makers and local development interests in the form of best practice recommendations for rural locales.

Rural communities interested in attracting Immigrants
Tailoring Rural Community Websites to New Residents
Research Paper Other http://www.ianrpubs.unl.edu/epublic/live/ec859/build/ec859.pdf

Rural communities interested in attracting Immigrants
Attracting and Retaining Workers in Rural Communities
Research Paper Other http://agecon.unl.edu/c/document_library/get_file?uuid=c9851905-1996-4596-a92c-24baded402ce&groupId=2369805

Rural communities interested in attracting Immigrants
Community Images: What they communicate to New Residents
Research Paper Other http://agecon.unl.edu/c/document_library/get_file?uuid=3b1c7054-17b2-47f7-a2c7-65af5725a7b9&groupId=2369805&.pdf

Rural communities interested in attracting Immigrants
Attracting New Residents to Rural Nebraska: The Problem with Retention
Research Paper Other http://agecon.unl.edu/c/document_library/get_file?uuid=a5b4d165-4e8e-4baf-88ba-beaf6dc330ec&groupId=2369805&.pdf

Rural communities interested in attracting Immigrants
Diversity and Social Cohesion Program
Program Other http://www.immi.gov.au/living-in-australia/delivering-assistance/government-programs/dscp/
The program addresses cultural, racial and religious intolerance through the funding of community grants. The main objective of the program is to help communities work towards a spirit of inclusiveness and a shared identity as Australians.

Rural communities interested in attracting Youth
Community-based Aquaculture Program
Program Other http://blueventures.org/conservation/aquaculture/
In rural Maine, a high school formed a partnership with regional colleges to create a community-based aquaculture program. Students raise fish, maintain a hydroponic greenhouse, farm mussels, sell bait, and are engaged in a drift study with local fishermen. Case study data suggest that the program has been effective in realizing its goal of increasing school attendance, decreasing dropout rates, and enhancing students' educational and career aspirations.

Rural communities interested in attracting Youth
Nebraska's Hometown Competitiveness Program
Program Other http://htccommunity.whhive.com/about
The program is designed to give young people a reason, an opportunity and the encouragement to come home again to work and raise their families. The program specifically targets entrepreneurial development and training, youth engagement and wealth transfer capture for community investment. The program has experienced early success and several additional communities are pursuing this model.

Rural communities interested in attracting Youth
Rural Enterprise Assistance Project
Project Other http://www.cfra.org/reap/home
In Nebraska, the Center for Rural Affairs' Rural Enterprise Assistance Project works to engage youth in local business associations, encourages youth to invest in their local communities and provides entrepreneurship training to high school students. By providing these early opportunities that provide a sense of pride towards their home communities, youth may be more inclined to remain or return in their home communities to start businesses and improve the local economy.

Rural communities interested in attracting Youth
National Foundation for Teaching Entrepreneurship (NFTE)
Organization Other http://www.nfte.com
NFTE's mission is to teach entrepreneurship to low-income young people, aged 11 to 18, to help them become economically productive members of society by improving their academic, business and life skills. NFTE has developed a variety of specialized curriculum products designed for students, as well as educators and youth workers. NFTE's programs are offered in a variety of settings including public schools, after-school programs at community-based organizations and intensive summer business camps.

Rural communities interested in attracting Youth
Youth Venture
Organization Other http://www.youthventure.org
Youth Venture is a national not-for-profit organization that empowers young people (aged 12 to 20) to create and launch their own enterprises to take greater responsibility for their lives and communities. 'Dream it. Do it' is a collaborative effort between Juniorjobs.com and Youth Venture; this project aims to promote social entrepreneurship among youth aged 13 to 20. The partnership offers young people the support they need to create, lead and launch their own enterprise including materials, technical allies, media opportunities, national recognition, workshops and training.

Rural communities interested in attracting Youth
Communities in Schools (CIS)
Project Other http://www.communitiesinschools.org/
CIS is a not-for-profit organization that sets out to keep youths in school through connecting schools and communities. Local CIS programs are independent, non-profit, community, city or countywide public/private-partnership organizations. Each CIS operation surrounds young people with a community of tutors, mentors, health care providers and career counselors. CIS's 18 sites offer, by giving the start-up dollars, youth entrepreneurship or youth enterprise as part of their programming. CIS operations currently serve 1,100 schools across the country.

Rural communities interested in attracting Youth
Remote and Rural Enterprise (RARE)
Project Other http://sydney.edu.au/business/study/opportunities/rare
RARE creates two-way learning and development exchanges between graduate students and enterprises in remote and rural Australia.  Through action-research projects and community placements, students are required to adapt their business skills to specific community needs and new socio-cultural contexts. The engagement with real business challenges and communities is intended to increase students' entrepreneurial capability as well as social and cultural empathy and respect.

Rural communities interested in attracting Youth
The Young Dairy Development Program
Program Other http://www.parliament.vic.gov.au/images/stories/committees/rrc/IFSC/IFSC_Final_Report.pdf
The Young Dairy Development Program is a dairy industry network group aimed at young dairy farmers aged 18 to 40. The Young Dairy Development Program is a good example of industry taking responsibility to develop the networks that young farmers value so highly.

Rural communities interested in attracting Youth
Young Achievement Australia
Program Other http://resources.mhs.vic.edu.au/business/youngachievers.asp
This is a cross-curricular program bringing together groups of students from a school or variety of schools in a local area. The program provides enterprise education for all students, irrespective of their curriculum choices, and is accredited for a Small Business Management Certificate. Students experience typical issues and options confronting commercial operations and develop enterprise skills such as decision-making, negotiations, risk-taking, creativity, communication and teamwork.

Rural communities interested in attracting Youth
Youth Outreach Program
Program Other http://www.youthoutreach.org.au/home
The program is a not-for-profit program that uses an innovative and holistic mentoring model to provide at risk young people in Western Australia with links, opportunities and supports in education, employment and training, while addressing personal needs such as accommodation, financial security, family mediation and counseling. In collaboration with its young clients, their families and their local community, it tries to address the issues young people face.

Rural communities interested in attracting Youth
Flyingstart Online
Website Other http://flyingstartonline.com/
FlyingStart is an Internet platform where students and graduates get information and access to services. It also facilitates the establishment of Enterprise Societies at UK universities. Members have access to a database of all available funding and grants in the UK. They can network with over 10,000 graduate entrepreneurs, and can ask hundreds of experts in accounting, tax, law, sales, marketing, PR, business support and planning. The system allows to create own websites and offers a system to recruit and network with members and create blogs and forums, and upload events and documents to keep members/ supporters informed.

Rural communities interested in attracting Retirees
Alabama Advantage Model
Model Other http://www.alabamaadvantage.com/
The Alabama model provides assistance to rural communities in all phases of retiree attraction, including planning and technical assistance, literature development, coordinated marketing efforts, financial assistance, and amenity development. The key components of this initiative included the Alabama Reunion, which attracted many former Alabamans back to visit the State, was used as a vehicle to promote retiree attraction; a statewide survey identified communities interested in joining a new program to attract retirees to rural communities and collected infrastructure data in each participating community; the State produced color brochures promoting retirement in Alabama and annual State-level conferences instructed local leaders on techniques for attracting retirees and allowed participants to share success stories.

Rural communities interested in attracting Retirees
South Carolina Planned Retirement Community Model
Model Other http://www.bestguide-retirementcommunities.com/southcarolinaretirementcommunities.html
South Carolina has emphasized planned retirement communities as a vehicle to bring retirees into the state. South Carolina's move in this direction began when a regional economic development agency of the state obtained over 3,000 acres of prime development land to develop a retirement/recreation community for upper- and middle-income retirees. This community was slated for 5,100 home sites and is expected to have a major impact on the surrounding rural county and nearby metropolitan areas.Some States, such as Michigan and Mississippi, have recently eliminated income taxes for retirees in an attempt to attract retirees. The best marketing approach may involve word-of-mouth advertising, which means that places that start early in attracting retirees and succeed in satisfying them may gain an advantage over other places.

Rural communities interested in attracting Retirees
Economic Expansion Using Retiree Income: A Workbook for Rural Washington Communities
Workbook Other http://openagricola.nal.usda.gov/Record/CAT10877674
The workbook covers a wide variety of topics, including background material on retiree impacts, community assessment, marketing and a good bibliography. Rural communities can get more information from National Agricultural Library, United States Department of Agriculture.

Rural communities interested in attracting Health Professionals
The Distance Learning and Telemedicine Loan and Grant Program (DLT)
Program Other http://www.rurdev.usda.gov/UTP_DLT.html
The Program is designed specifically to meet the educational and health care needs of rural America through loans, grants and loan/grant combinations. The advanced telecommunications technologies provide enhanced learning and health-care opportunities for rural residents.

Rural communities interested in attracting Health Professionals
The Rural and Remote General Practice Program (RRGPP)
Program Other http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/Content/work-pr-rrgpp
The program offers a diverse range of activities and support services aimed at improving the recruitment and retention of general practitioners (GP) in rural and remote areas. The Program acts as a kind of 'broker' whereby they are able to assist communities in recruiting a GP and locate rural placements for doctors who want to relocate to a rural area. The program also has the capacity to assist with the payment of relocation costs, can offer support to the doctor's family in their new community and help doctors access the necessary infrastructure, support and training.

Rural communities interested in attracting Health Professionals
Recruit and Retain
Project Other http://www.recruitandretain.eu/general-information/about-us
Recruit and Retain is a strategic project to find solutions to the persistent problem of difficulties in recruiting and retaining health-care providers for the remote rural areas of Northern Europe. The project brings together remote and rural expertise to design and deliver the education and professional support solutions required to improve recruitment and retention of health and public sector staff in remote areas and to develop transferable education solutions from the outcomes of the project. It coordinates research from Iceland, Greenland, Norway, Sweden, Canada and Ireland to identify the social and professional factors that impact remote and rural recruitment and retention of health-care staff. The project involves a large scale survey of 1000 remote and rural relevant people in each of the participating countries providing a rich source of data upon which to build and share solutions. By bringing together people with similar issues from different geographical areas the project will share experiences and solutions with the expectation of innovative initiatives.

Rural communities interested in attracting Teaching Staff
Pathways to Teaching Careers
Program Other http://www.wallacefoundation.org/learn-about-wallace/GrantsPrograms/our-initiatives/Past-Initiatives/Pages/Pathways-to-Teaching-Careers.aspx
The program is an innovative approach that seeks to address the teacher shortage in hard-to-staff schools and subject areas, as well as to attract teacher candidates from non-traditional candidate pools. One initiative of this program focuses on identifying and recruiting para-professionals and non-certified teachers currently working in public schools. This initiative offers these individuals scholarships and other support services so that they can obtain a bachelor's or master's degree as well as meet requirements for full state certification. Another Pathways initiative targets returning Peace Corps volunteers; the qualified candidates are placed in full-time salaried positions in urban and rural school districts and are given a two-year graduate level program leading to a teaching certificate and a master's degree. Evaluations of the program reveal that it has been successful. More than 2,200 individuals have been recruited, and a significant proportion of these were ethnic minorities.

Rural communities interested in attracting Teaching Staff
Recruiting, Preparing and Retaining Teachers for America's Schools
Report Other http://www.wallacefoundation.org/knowledge-center/teacher-recruitment/Documents/Preparing-and-Retaining-Teachers.pdf
The report presents an overview of the Fund's Pathways to Teaching Careers Program, its progress since 1989 and early evaluation findings. It is designed to inform and stimulate discussion on the Fund's experiences.

Rural communities interested in attracting Teaching Staff
Project on the Next Generation of Teachers
Project Other http://www.gse.harvard.edu/~ngt/
The research project addresses critical questions about the future of America's teaching force by studying how best to attract, support and retain quality teachers in public schools. The project's ongoing work focuses on hiring practices in schools, teachers' careers and career decisions, professional culture, principal leadership, curriculum and alternative routes to teaching. Multistate case studies of alternative certification programs, a four-state survey of new teachers' experiences and attitudes, and comparative case studies of new teachers' experiences with math curriculum are underway.

Rural communities interested in attracting Teaching Staff
Ahead of the Class: A Handbook for Preparing New Teachers from New Sources
Handbook Other http://www.wallacefoundation.org/knowledge-center/teacher-recruitment/Documents/Handbook-For-Preparing-New-Teachers-From-New-Sources.pdf
This how-to handbook for educators aims to expand and diversify the pool of teachers for remote and rural schools. It guides school districts and universities in cooperating to find, train and place non-traditional educators, classroom aides and returning Peace Corps volunteers.

Rural communities interested in attracting Teaching Staff
The Student Teacher Rural Experience Program (STREP)
Program Other http://trove.nla.gov.au/work/153068801?versionId=166820161
The program was commenced to support the Western Australian Department of Education and Training's (DET) efforts to attract and retain teachers in rural schools. The DET specifies the particular districts to which the STREP will apply. Applicants need to satisfy a number of selection criteria. Between 1999 and 2005, 511 pre-service teachers received scholarships to participate in the program.

Rural communities interested in attracting Teaching Staff
Bachelor Conversion to Teaching, Western Australia
Program Other http://courses.curtin.edu.au/course_overview/undergraduate/education-conversion
The course targets rural and remote teaching aides working at primary and pre-primary levels. The course is delivered in a block release of four weeks each semester, over two years (4 semesters), with the remaining training taking place on-the-job, using distance education tools such as on-line learning and local school resources. Students have prescribed learning tasks and then apply them in a practical setting.

Rural communities interested in attracting Lawyers
Regional Solicitor Program
Program Other http://www.legalaid.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0018/5652/Guidelines-RSP.pdf
Legal Aid Queensland introduced a 'Regional Solicitors Program' in 2004. The program provides employment for a solicitor in a selected regional location for up to 2 years. The objectives of the program are to maintain and improve the level of legal aid services available to people living in regional, rural and remote areas by providing employment opportunities for young solicitors in regional and rural communities. Economically and socially disadvantaged people benefit with improved access to legal advice and representation.

Rural communities interested in attracting Lawyers
The Co-operative Legal Services Delivery Program
Program Other http://www.legalaid.nsw.gov.au/what-we-do/community-partnerships/cooperative-legal-services-delivery-clsd-program
The program was introduced as an attempt to maximize legal service delivery to people living in disadvantaged communities, particularly those in rural, regional and remote areas. The delivery of legal services is achieved through a partnership of government, community and private sector providers. The program is based on the theory that better coordination and cooperation in the planning and delivery of legal services will enhance the efficient and effective use of scarce resources and improve access to justice for disadvantaged people.

Rural communities interested in attracting Lawyers
New Lawyers Program
Program Other http://rrrlaw.com.au/development-opportunities/programs/
The New Lawyers Program is a two-year course offered by Victoria Legal Aid to first and second year lawyers. In this program, the participants have to spend at least one, six-month placement practising in some regional areas to experience life in regional Victoria and the different range of legal issues.

Rural communities interested in attracting Lawyers
Country Lawyers Graduate Program
Program Other http://www.legalaid.wa.gov.au/LegalAidServices/employment/Pages/CountryLawyers.aspx
The Country Lawyers Program is aimed at improving the recruitment and retention of lawyers in regional and remote areas by recruiting, developing and rotating junior solicitors throughout regional Western Australia. The program provides an opportunity to create a broad and solid foundation to legal career. It provides a diverse range of work and life experience to junior solicitors.

Rural communities interested in attracting Artists
Arts and Economic Prosperity Calculator
Tool Other http://www.artsusa.org/information_services/research/services/economic_impact/005.asp
The calculator is a free and simple tool that makes it possible to estimate the economic impact of arts and culture organizations and the entire non-profit arts community on their local economy. These analyses are based on research findings from the 156 communities and regions that were part of Arts and Economic Prosperity III, Americans for the Arts' national economic impact study of non-profit arts and culture organizations and their audiences. Rural communities can use this calculator to measure the economic impacts of arts activities on their area.

Rural communities interested in attracting Artists
The Arts + Community Change Initiative
Initiative Other http://artsandcommunitychange.org/about/
The initiative works to shape public policy, support innovative practice, build collaborative capacity and support learning and networking. It also connects arts, culture, equitable development, and social justice in all of their complexity to strengthen low-income neighbourhoods and work towards systemic change.

Rural communities interested in attracting Artists
Strengthening Rural Economies through the Arts
Report Other http://www.nga.org/files/live/sites/NGA/files/pdf/RURALARTS.pdf
In 2005, the United States National Governors Association commissioned a report, Strengthening Rural Economies through the Arts. The report identified that an 'arts-based economy can enhance state efforts to diversify rural economies, generate revenue, improve the quality of life and attract visitors and investment. The report recognizes the importance of creativity to over 25 states. The report can be useful for rural communities in fostering the climate needed to attract the creative class.

Rural communities interested in attracting Artists
Lanesboro, Minnesota
Community Other http://www.lanesboro.com/
Lanesboro, Minnesota, town of 788 people, formed a Lanesboro Art Council and bought an old theater space in 1980. In 1994, it opened the non-profit Cornucopia Art Center on Main Street, hosting exhibits and gallery sales of local artists. It won funding for a national Artist in Residency Program, bringing four to six artists to town annually to make new work and engage the community. Currently, the community supports a music festival and an art-in-the-parks program and is advertising for visual and performing artists, musicians and writers, and other self-employed people to move to the town. By 2005, sales at the gallery were generating $12,000 a month, and the theater company's revenues were $200,000 a year. Rural communities who wish to attract and retain artist can use it as a best practice.

Rural communities interested in attracting Artists
The New York Mills Regional Cultural Center, Minnesota
Organization Other http://kulcher.org/?page_id=213
The center, located in Otter Tail County, Minnesota, is a 22-year old multidisciplinary arts organization dedicated to expanding the cultural and creative opportunities for rural Americans. The center produces concert series in the fall and winter/spring seasons, and offers courses in the fine and folk arts as well as the art of citizenship through the Continental Divide Folk School. The Center produces and sponsors annual community festivals, including a Finnish winter festival, the Continental Divide Music and Film Festival, the Puppet Pageant and the Longest Night Music Festival. The organization's strategy can be a model of best practice for rural communities who wish to attract talent to their areas.

This document is intended for guidance and information only. It identifies resources available on the web. However, it is not considered as an all-inclusive listing of resources.